Heart Disease: Types, and Symptoms

Heart Disease

Heart Disease comes in many forms, each with its own set of signs and symptoms and treatment options. Changing your lifestyle and taking medication can make a big difference in your health for some people. In some cases, you may require surgery to restore your ticker’s functionality.

The heart pumps blood throughout the body to move nutrients from the food we eat and oxygen through the lungs. Without the heart,(Heart Disease) the body would not be able to function properly. The heart pumps as much as 300 gallons of blood per minute, or about one-third of a person’s total calorie intake, throughout the day.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source. Heart disease accounts for one in every four deaths in the United States. That amounts to approximately 610,000 deaths annually due to the condition.

Although heart disease can be fatal, most people can avoid it. You may live longer and have a better heart if you start living a healthy lifestyle early.

Different types of heart disease

A wide range of cardiovascular issues falls under the category of heart disease. Heart disease encompasses a number of conditions and diseases. Heart disease includes the following:

  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) : (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease in the United States. When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is blocked, this condition is known as coronary heart disease. CAD is caused by the buildup of plaque (Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits) in the heart’s arteries. It’s also known called ischemic heart disease.
  • Arrhythmia: An abnormality in the heart’s rhythm is an arrhythmia. Serious arrhythmias can occur on their own or as a result of other heart conditions.
  • Aortic disease: A type of heart valve disease is aortic valve disease. The valve that connects the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle) and the body’s main artery (aorta) fails in a condition known as aortic valve disease. The aortic valve keeps blood flowing through the heart in the right direction.
  • Cardiomyopathy: The condition causes the heart’s muscles to become weaker or harder to move. The disease could be caused by a number of things, including heart conditions that are genetic, reactions to certain drugs or toxins (like alcohol), and viral infections.
  • Atherosclerosis: A condition known as atherosclerosis occurs when a sticky substance called plaque, which is made up of cholesterol or fat, builds up inside your arteries.
  • Heart infections: Heart infections may be caused by bacteria entering the blood and traveling to the heart, parasites, or viruses.
  • Congenital heart defects: Heart irregularities that are present at birth are referred to as congenital heart defects. There are times when the heart abnormality causes problems right after birth, while other times there are no symptoms until you are an adult.

Symptoms of heart disease

There may be a variety of symptoms associated with various forms of heart disease.

  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  1. chest pain or discomfort
  2. a feeling of pressure or squeezing in the chest
  3. shortness of breath
  4. nausea
  5. feelings of indigestion or gas
  6. Weakness or a cold sweat.
  7. Arm or shoulder pain or discomfort.
  • Cardiomyopathy
  1. difficulty breathing, especially after exerting oneself physically.
  2. Fatigue.
  3. shortness of breath
  4. swelling in the legs, ankles, and abdomen.
  5. neck veins.
  6. Dizziness.
  7. BLoating
  • Symptoms of Arrhythmias disease
  1. Anxiety
  2. Fatigue
  3. Lightheadedness
  4. dizziness
  5. Sweating
  6. Fainting
  7. chest pain
  8. slow pulse
  • Aortic disease
  1. A sharp, sudden, and radiating pain in the upper back.
  2. Pain in the arms, chest, jaw, or neck.
  3. Low blood pressure.
  4. Loss of consciousness.
  5. Shortness of breath.
  6. Trouble swallowing.
  7. Difficulty breathing.
  • Heart infections
  1. chest pain
  2. chest congestion or coughing
  3. Joint pain or body aches.
  4. chills
  5. Fatigue.
  6. skin rash
  7. fever
  8. Rapid heartbeat
  9. Shortness of breath 
  • Congenital heart defects
  1. swelling of the extremities
  2. irregular heart rhythm
  3. rapid heartbeat.
  4. swelling of the tummy, legs, or around the eyes.
  5. blue-tinged skin
  6. tiredness and rapid breathing when a baby is feeding.
  7. shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  8. fatigue and low energy
  • Atherosclerosis
  1. chest discomfort or angina
  2. pain in your arm, leg, or anywhere else an artery is blocked.
  3. while walking, having buttock cramps.
  4. difficulty breathing.
  5. fatigue.
  6. confusion, which occurs when blood flow to your brain is hindered by the obstruction.
  7. unusual or unexplained pain

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